Madhava normally indicates Krsna to be “the Lord, who is the consort of the goddess of fortune, Laksmi.” This name also implies that Lord Krsna descended in the dynasty of Madhu. Since the spring season is also known as Madhava, it is understood that as soon as Lord Krsna entered the Vrndavana forest, it automatically exhibited all the opulences of spring, becoming filled with flowers, breezes and a celestial atmosphere. Another reason Lord Krsna is known as Madhava is that He enjoys His pastimes in madhu, the taste of conjugal love. (Srila Sanatana Goswami)
According to Adi Sankara’s commentary on the Vishnu Sahasranama and the Narada Pancharatra, Madhava means the consort (dhava) of the mother (ma), referring to Lakshmi, the goddess called the ‘mother of the universe’. Alternatively, it means the ‘one who is fit to be known through Madhu-vidya’, or can mean the ‘one who is the lord of ma, or knowledge.
mūkaṃ karoti vācālaṃ paṃguṃ laṃghayate giri .
yat kṛpā tamahaṃ vaṃde paramānaṃda mādhavam (CC Madhya 17.80)
The Supreme Personality of Godhead has the form of sac-cid-ānanda vigraha, transcendental bliss, knowledge and eternity. I offer my respectful obeisances unto He who turns the dumb into eloquent speakers and enables the lame to cross mountains. Such is the mercy of the Lord.
Jai Radha Madhav, Jai Kunj Bihari Jai Gopi Jan Walabh, Jai Girivar Dhaari,
Yashoda Nandan, Braj Jan Ranjan Yamuna Teer Ban Chari
Krishna is the divine lover of Radha, his eternal consort. He displays amorous pastimes in the groves of Vrindavana. He is the divine lover of the gopis (cowherd maidens of Vraja) and the holder of the great hill named Govardhana. Although unborn He plays the role of the beloved son of mother Yasoda. He is the delighter of the inhabitants of Vraja. He wanders in the forests along the banks of the river Yamuna.
Yaadava nee baa yadukula nandana |
Madhava madhusoodana nee baaro|| (Purandara Dasa Kirtan)
Come yadava (Krishna) son of the yadu clan |
Maadhava, Madhusoodhana you come||
maadhava maamava dEvaa krishNaa
yaadava krishNaa yadukula krishNaa
maadhava maamava dEvaa krishNaa (Sri Krishna Leela Tarangini)
Narayana theerthar beseeches Lord – Oh Madhava (Lord Krishna), Lord of the Yadava dynasty, protect me. You are a support to all saints. Oh Madhava the source of all thoughts, please protect me.
Lets chant the Holy Name of the sweet Lord, the husband of Goddess of Fortune and seek to be in His pure devotional service with a sweet mood just as Goddess of fortune – Lakshmi Devi who is always in His eternal service.
Nama 73 – VishnuSahasranama